What is coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)?
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a respiratory illness that can spread from person to person. The virus that causes COVID-19 is a novel coronavirus that was first identified during an investigation into an outbreak in Wuhan,China.
What is the name of the virus causing the outbreak of coronavirus disease?
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, shortened to SARS-CoV-2.
How does COVID-19 spread?
How easily does the virus spread?
The virus that causes COVID-19 seems to be spreading easily and sustainably in the community -- "community spread" in some affected geographic areas. Community spread means people have been infected with the virus in an area, including some who are not sure how or where they became infected.
Can someone spread the virus without being sick?
People are thought to be most contagious when they are the most symptomatic (the sickest). Some spread might be possible before people show symptoms.
Is there any cost to the patient for testing?
If testing is done at the NJ Department of Health laboratories through the proper channels with proper approvals, there is no charge to the patient for the test itself.
What are common symptoms of COVID-19?
Patients with COVID-19 have had mild to severe respiratory illness with symptoms of fever, cough, shortness of breath,
What are severe complications from this virus?
Many patients have pneumonia in both lungs.
How is COVID-19 treated?
There is no specific antiviral treatment recommended for COVID-19. People with COVID-19 should receive supportive care to help relieve symptoms. For severe cases, treatment should include care to support vital organ functions.
Is there a vaccine?
There Is currently no vaccine to protect against COVID-19. The best way to prevent infection is to avoid being exposed to the virus that causes COVID-19.
Should I be concerned about pets or other animals and COVID-19?
To date, CDC has not received any reports of pets or other animals becoming sick with COVID-19.
What about animals or animal products imported from China?
CDC does not have any evidence to suggest that animals or animal products imported from China pose a risk for spreading.
How can I protect myself?
The best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to the virus that causes COVID-19. CDC always recommends everyday preventive actions to help prevent the spread of respiratory diseases, including:
What to do if you are sick with COVID-19 disease?
To help prevent workplace exposures to acute respiratory illnesses, including COVID-19, employers are encouraged to do the following:
What if I recently traveled to an area affected by COVID-19?
If you have traveled to a country that has a Level 3 Travel Health Notice (widespread, ongoing transmission) including China, Iran, Italy and South Korea, you will be asked to stay home for a period of 14 days from the time you left that country.
Take these steps to monitor your health and practice social distancing:
1. Take your temperature with a thermometer two times a day and monitor for fever. Also, watch for cough or trouble breathing.
2. Stay home and avoid contact with others. Do not go to work or school for this 14-day period. Discuss your work situation with your employer before returning to work.
3. Do not take public transportation, taxis, or ride-shares during the time you are practicing social distancing.
4. Avoid crowded places (such as shopping centers and movie theaters) and limit your activities in public.
5. Keep your distance from others (about 6 feet or 2 meters).
What if I recently traveled to an area affected by COVID-19 and got sick?
If you get sick with fever (100.4°F/38°C or higher), cough,or have trouble breathing: